In 2022, Pakistan’s monsoon season saw unprecedented levels of rainfall, which caused one of the most disastrous floods in living memory. The human cost of the natural disaster has been horrifying, with over 1,700 people and more than 520 children killed. Thousands of people have been injured, rendered homeless, and pushed to extreme poverty.
Pakistan is one of the leading countries which is most susceptible to severe floods in the future- in fact, by the year 2030, around 2.7 million people could be affected annually by river-floods.
This has led many to question, how can we stop floods in Pakistan.
We will discuss this question in this article.
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How bad were the 2022 floods in Pakistan?
Severe torrential rain fell during Pakistan’s annual monsoon season, which caused flash flooding across the South Asian country. So unprecedented was this rain, that it was nearly 3 times higher than the country’s 30-year average. Eventually, the River Indus, which runs through the length of Pakistan, swelled and burst its banks. Consequently, the water levels in Pakistan rose to dangerously high levels.
The ravaging floodwaters have destroyed hundreds of buildings and bridges and washed away homes, roads, villages, farmland and crops. Also, the floods have killed over 1.2 million livestock. This has impacted the supply of animal products such as milk and meat, which has caused widespread food shortages and hiked up food prices.
One-third of the country is still submerged underwater, and it will take months for the floodwaters to recede. The natural disaster has caused a staggering $40 billion worth of damage, with further financial losses expected and millions needed for recovery and repair.
Among the surviving populations, dangerous waterborne diseases such as dengue fever and cholera are spreading, as are skin infections. Yet, the people affected cannot access medications or medical treatment to relieve their suffering, because the floodwaters have caused major damage to hospitals, clinics and medical facilities.
Accessing clean water and sanitation is another huge struggle for people whose lives have been left in absolute ruin by the floods. In a country where 79 million people were already lacking access to a proper toilet, this problem has been hugely exacerbated, as the floods have destroyed sanitation facilities and polluted water supply lines. This has left people with the horrendous choice of either drinking contaminated water or dehydrating.
Sadly, the global climate emergency has also helped drive the natural disaster. As the world pumps more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, this heats the earth up more. This leads to more extreme weather conditions such as floods, cyclones and heatwaves. Scientists have found that climate change led to the extreme rainfall that caused the flooding. Global warming has also caused the glaciers in Pakistan to melt, which exacerbated the problem in 2022.
Pakistan only contributes 0.8% of the global carbon footprint, yet it is one of the most climate-stressed countries on the planet. It is also a hugely disaster-prone nation, as it is one of the most seismically active countries on earth, making it prone to destructive earthquakes.
Therefore, the people of Pakistan need our help, now more than ever. They urgently need our financial assistance, to help them survive this humanitarian crisis and rebuild their lives.
How can we support people in Pakistan who have been affected by the 2022 floods?
We at Zohra Foundation are on the ground in Pakistan, distributing cooked meals, clean water, tents, kitchen utensils and hygiene kits, to people affected by the floods. We are also helping rebuild the homes that so many people have lost during this calamity.
Click here to donate to our Pakistan Flood Appeal. We encourage you to donate whatever you can- every penny helps.
How can we stop floods in Pakistan?
There are several steps that the Pakistani Government can take, in order to prevent severe flooding and reduce the human impact across the country, including:
- Place a strong emphasis on flood detection and disaster planning across Pakistan, especially in the most flood-prone areas, such as Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan.
- Better hazard assessment in natural landscapes and urban areas.
- Construct dams to store excess water and prevent future flooding disasters.
- Build stronger flood defences, especially at rivers, reservoirs, canal systems, glaciers and glacial lakes.
- Restore wetlands and protect agricultural land.
- Restore forests (reforestation), to help intercept rainfall, delay rainfall runoff and minimise soil erosion.
- Increasing the amount of vegetation and trees, to absorb excess water.
- Timely cleaning of storm drains, especially during monsoon season, as debris and leaves can clog up and cause water to back up– which leads to flooding.
- Enhance the national flood warning system, to alert citizens as early as possible when there are dangers of extreme rainfall and flooding.
- Build more drainage systems in urban areas.
- Reduce the number of people living in flood zones.
- Improve the preparedness and organisation of relief services when natural disasters do occur.
- Ensure emergency aid and healthcare is readily available for people affected by floods.
- Take more action on global warming and climate change, to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
So, how can we stop floods in Pakistan? As you can see, the Pakistani Government has a huge responsibility to protect its citizens from natural disasters and make the country more resilient to future calamities.
However, Pakistan cannot do this alone. There are people in Pakistan who desperately need our financial assistance, to help them survive the humanitarian crisis that the 2022 floods have created in the country.
Due to these devastating floods, there are thousands across the nation who have lost their homes, livelihoods and assets, through no fault of their own. With no shelter, food, clean water, regular income, medical care or essential supplies such as winter clothing, these people are suffering a fate far beyond anything that any of us could imagine.
Why donate to Zohra Foundation?
All projects at Zohra Foundation are Zakat eligible. You can choose to make a one-off donation or donate on a monthly basis.
Click here to view the Zakat Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) and find out more.
There are so many teachings in Islam which emphasise the importance of donating to charity and showing compassion for others, such as:
“Give charity without delay, for it stands in the way of calamity.” – Hadith of Prophet Muhammad P.B.U.H
These beautiful quotes show you the importance of giving to charity- it allows you to earn the pleasure of Allah SWT, increase blessings in your life, and safeguard yourself on the Day of Resurrection.
Sadaqah Jariyah (continuous charity) is also an act which is very pleasing to God. The Messenger of Allah said: “When a man dies, all his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity (Sadaqah Jariyah), beneficial knowledge and a righteous son who prays for him.”
Therefore, Sadaqah Jariyah is an excellent way to reap countless rewards for years to come. It is a truly impactful gesture, as it makes a huge difference for vulnerable communities.
Your Sadaqah Jariyah can help support multiple generations of a needy family, to help with their health, hunger and hygiene needs.
Donate to Zohra Foundation
Zohra Foundation is a London-based, UK-registered charity organization that aims to improve the lives of millions of orphans, widows and the elderly throughout Pakistan and respond to emergencies in other parts of the world.
We are currently delivering emergency relief across Pakistan, following the devastating 2022 floods.
Donate to Zohra Foundation’s Pakistan Flood appeal here.
To learn more about Zohra Foundation, visit the website here.
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We hope you now better understand the answer to the question ‘how can we stop floods in Pakistan?’